Buzzin’: 10 ways to create a bee-friendly garden

5 minute guide

Honeybees are in decline, we all know that. Rising temperatures, chemical usage and loss of environments are all killing off one of the species we depend most on to survive. They are our biggest pollinators, up to a third of all our crops rely on them buzzing between flowers so their decline is a global threat to our food sources.

Georgina Wilson-Powell 23 May 2017

Want to help? Scattering the odd packet of wildflower seeds isn’t going to cut it, but there are easy things to do to help our nectar-nuzzling friends. Sarah Wyndham Lewis from the award-winning Bermondsey Bees has come up with these simple steps to create a bee-friendly garden.

Quantity, quality and variety

Plentiful supplies of varied forage are essential to help honeybees withstand the external stresses of disease and environmental factors. A single beehive needs to gather around 50kg of pollen and 200 kg of nectar every year just to survive.

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Bees like simple flowers like asters, sunflowers and daisies

Four season planting

Although March-September are key months for honeybees, they will fly whenever the temperature is above 10°C, even in the depths of winter. So early and late flowering plants are especially valuable. Choose June flowering species too – bees often have cope with a ‘food gap’ at that time of year.

Mow less and love weeds

Many so-called ‘weeds’ provide precious forage. Mow lawns, but less often and leave some areas to grow wild. This encourages useful species to grow, such as daisies, trefoil, clovers and especially dandelions which are a vitally important early season nectar source.

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A single honeybee can visit up to 100 flowers on a single trip

Bees see blue

Bees see into the ultra-violet spectrum, which makes blue, purple and white plants especially attractive to them.Red flowers are least attractive.

Flower fidelity

Uniquely, honeybees only visit one type of flower in any one foraging trip. This is called ‘flower fidelity’ and is what makes them such effective pollinators. By planting large clumps or ‘drifts’ of single species you can save the bees’ energy and optimise each of their trips.

The wildflower question

True wildflower meadows need large areas and specialist management including careful species choice and scheduled mowing. Although planting wildflowers is useful as an add-on, you can usually make far better planting choices to provide longer lasting, more structural forage.

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Honeybees fly up to 15 mph

Don’t forget about bushes and trees

A single lime (linden) tree in flower provides the same amount of forage as 3,000 sq metres of wildflowers. If space allows, bee friendly plantings should start with a framework of durable, year round forage from bushes and trees.

Keep it simple

With shorter tongues than bumblebees or butterflies, honeybees often can’t feed from complex flower structures. Showy, highly-bred ornamental flowers give minimal forage. Generally, stay close to the original, simpler forms of flowers where the nectar and pollen are easily accessible.

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There are worker bees, drone bees and a Queen bee in each hive, with many different roles, like a structured society

Water, water

Bees don’t store water in the hive. They leave the hive to collect water, which they often choose from surprising sources (they’re rather fond of dirty water). If you don’t have a pond, a bowl of pebbles full of rainwater provides a good stop off.

Garden organically

Read up on organic gardening techniques. If you must use chemicals, follow the manufacturer’s instructions to prevent overdosing.  

For more tips on how to get your garden buzzing for honeybees, Bermondsey Street Bees has produced a beautiful downloadable guide. Get yours here.

Posted in Living

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